Connect with us

World History

The Cold War and The Mysterious White Trains

After Enola Gay, the B-28 US Bomber dropped the first atomic bomb on Hiroshima on August 6, 1945; the world was at a standstill. The immense devastation that the first-ever use of a nuclear bomb brought to the thriving city of Hiroshima sent shivers down the spine of many world leaders. It was not clear whether the decision to drop the second bomb three days later on another Japanese city of Nagasaki was necessary, but it did cause the unconditional surrender of Japan’s Imperial Army, which marked the end of the Second World War.

Cold War Era

The wars may have ended. Both Germany and Japan have surrendered. However, fear still lingers as the thought of another nuclear weapon being used brought about paranoia, especially to two of the world’s superpowers back then. The USA and the USSR were always against each other in terms of their ideology and stood for different economic and political issues. These two countries were so paranoid and suspicious that both began amassing weapons of mass destruction, focusing on nuclear weapons to be launched at any time in case intelligence reports confirm that one country is getting ready to strike. This paranoia between the USA and USSR led to the Cold War, which lasted for 45 years.

The Production Phase

During the Cold War, the two superpowers believed that the country with the greatest number of nuclear weapons would be the one that can dictate the world to meet its demands. Because of this, both USSR and the USA started their production of weapons of mass destruction. Other countries are believed to have produced their arsenals.

The Mysterious White Trains

Advertisement. Scroll to continue reading.

During this production phase, the US needed to have a way to transport their nuclear weapons into strategic locations across the country without arousing suspicion from spies or the public. The US decided back then to its extensive rail network to transfer the weapons onboard white trains. The white trains have the following directives:

1. To transfer weapon parts to other plants for assembly.
2. To transfer active weapons to silos that will serve as launch sites.
3. To protect the weapon cargo at all cost and without incident.

The white trains were disguised as trains used by the Department of Energy (DOE) and looked ordinary except for the heavily armored cars with turrets protruding above the train cars.

These box cars were once used to transport nuclear warheads

Why White?

There are several speculations why the trains used to transfer nuclear armaments during the Cold War were painted white. One speculation is that the white color was useful in masking the nuclear warheads’ heat signature to not be detected by heat-sensing Russian satellites. Another speculation is that the trains were painted white to appear inconspicuous and far from being associated with the military green paint. Others claim that the trains were painted white for practicality in such that the US army can easily paint over the vandalism with another layer of white paint.

The white paint did not prevent the trains from being inconspicuous since they were noticed by nearby homeowners who rallied for them to stop the transport of nuclear weapons. The US Congress gave way to the demands and decreed a law to discontinue using the trains as weapons transport. However, it is believed that the US is still transporting nuclear weapons using alternate means of transportation.

Advertisement. Scroll to continue reading.
Riley Brown
Written By

Riley is a history, lifestyle, and entertainment writer living in San Diego. He received his bachelor's degree in Journalism and Multimedia from the University of Oregon. His work has been featured in many finance and lifestyle publications throughout the US. When he is not writing, Riley enjoys reading and hanging out at the beach with his dog.


You May Also Like

World History

The ‘Konfrontasi’ as those in Indonesia called it, was a confrontation between the British Commonwealth forces and Indonesian forces. The dispute was over whether...

World History

Greece is the cradle of Western civilization and the birthplace of democracy. The country has produced some of the most famous and influential philosophers...

World History

Liberal military officials who were against the conservative ideas and views of Tsar Nicholas I organized a revolt that they thought would pave the...

World History

Serfdom is the term to describe the institutional system that forced peasants to provide labor to landlords to let them occupy the land. Serfdom...

World History

After the end of World War II, Japan was severely damaged by the nuclear bombs, code-named Fat Man and Little Boy that were dropped...

World History

The Malayan Emergency occurred in British Malaya, including the Malay Peninsula and Singapore Island states. These regions were under the control of the British...

World History

As the Ottoman Empire declined, the Russian Tsar Nicholas I saw a chance to expand his rule over the Middle East and the Eastern...

World History

Who Were The Serfs? Serfs were Russian peasant tenants who lived on large estates and worked as laborers performing different tasks, looking after the...